Relevant categories: Dining Chairs,Bookcases
( Above Photo: Georgian Breakfront Bookcase Mahogany Revival 1880 )
Georgian Revival architecture refers to a phenomenon in New England, the United States, where people emulated colonial-style houses. From 1900 to 1950, homeowners built their homes in the Georgian style, which had been popular in the 18th century.
In the first decade of the 1900s, people built elaborate and detailed facades, emulating the houses the colonialists had constructed. However, from 1910 onwards, the structures became more modest and simplified as they made their way into the new, large-scale residential projects.
( Above Photo: Georgian Wine Table Antique Mahogany Side Tables )
Georgian Revival structures had many details similar to those of the earlier colonial houses. However, they hardly adhered to the rules of Georgian architecture. For example, they exaggerated or updated classical details for the fledgling 20th century. Some houses even broke away from the strict Georgian symmetry.
A two-story house built according to Georgian architecture typically had five windows on the upper floor and a door opening. However, some designers did away with the five windows, replacing them with three windows.
So, Georgian Revival houses had large modillions, an elaborate entry entrance, and three windows on the second floor. They also have a tiny one-story wing on one of both sides. In the 1910s, the houses had more details.
( Above Photo: Antique Porters Chair - Georgian Leather Circa 1800 )
In the 1920s, Colonial Revival houses were more modest with fewer simplified details. Having abandoned the proper Georgian form, architects discarded brick veneer for clapboards. Besides, the houses had upper sashes and simplified entry porches with simple columns and a pediment roof.
Some Georgian Revival houses had the dormer, which altered the look of the façade. Some first-story windows deviated from the typical sash windows while retaining multiple panels over a single glass pane.
Other prominent features include brick façades and chimneys. Unlike the colonial era, when these features were about practicality, Georgian Revival architects used them for style. Chimneys and façades were added to make houses more stylish instead of improving functionality.
Towards the end of the 1920s, the size of Colonial Revival houses had shrunk significantly and had applied simplified details. It was not uncommon to find rectangular houses without the typical symmetrical Georgian style. These houses appeared to have mass-produced features.
( Above Photo: Antique Mahogany Sideboard Server Georgian 1880 )
In the succeeding decades, Georgian Revival architecture spread to Vermont and other states in America. The houses were more simplified and had fewer colonial features. Instead, many adopted many modern features
For example, the houses built in the 1950s had a mixture of Georgian and the more modern features of the decade. The houses didn't stick to the symmetrical requirements of Georgian houses while retaining the multi-panel glass windows. Typical 1950s architectural features included a bay, large windows, enclosed side porches, and a brick veneered foundation.
So, even as Georgian Revival architecture emulated 18th-century colonial houses, it never sought to copy the Georgian style in its entirety. So, it combined a few features with modern elements to create valuable homes. So, the two styles look very different mainly because of the differences in the architects' intentions.
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