Relevant categories: Lamps and Lighting
A Tiffany lamp refers to a type of lamp with a glass shade which is made with glass designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany and his design studio. Of all the lamps, the most renowned was the leaded glass lamp. Tiffany lamps came out of of the art nouveau movement and perhaps perfectly embodies the 1930s style and look. The names 'tiffany style lamps' or 'tiffany lamps' has been used to call stained leaded glasse shades even if they are not made from Louis Comfort Tiffany's company; this is because of Tiffany's prevalent influence on the style.
The first lamp Tiffany created was around 1895. The lamps were hand-made by accomplished craftmen. Clara Discroll who was not until 2007 identified by Rutgers professor Martin Eidelberg, was the master mind behind the originative leaded glass lamps produced from Tiffany's studios as opposed to the popular belief about the master designer being Tiffany.
Tiffany's lamps became popular after the World's Columbian Exposition, in Chicago, in 1893, where Tiffany exhibited his lamps at a Byzantine-like chapel. His exhibition gained a lot of attention, especially the attentions of Julius Lessing and Wilhelm Bode, who were directors of the state of Museums in Berlin. Julius Lessing bought a few pieces which he showcased at the Museum of Decorative Arts, which automatically makes it the first European museum to have and display Tiffany's glass. Tiffany's pieces of work were very popular in Germany.
In the end, Tiffany was able to enter the French market through Siegfried Bing, who took over the production of his works. Tiffany might not have been a successful sell out to an European audience without the influence of Bing and some influential European contacts. Tiffany's achievement in Europe could be associated largely with his successful outcome in German and Astro-Hungarian market through a couple of exposition of crafts starting from 1897 in Dresden at the international art exhibition. After the partnership deal between Bing and Tiffany came to an end, the Tiffany's appeal to most Europeans slowly begans to wane.
Tiffany's lamps can be classified into any of the seven categories, which are : Irregular upper border, Irregular lower border, Favrile, Geometric, Transition to flowers, Flowered cone and Flowered globe; each categories has something characteristically unique to them. The Favrile category for instance, which denotes handcrafted describes the first lamps Tiffany produced with this label. More importantly, all the lamps adopts a nature, or botanic design using butterflies, peacock feathers, flowers, dragonflies and spider with webs. Many of these Tiffany lamps can be viewed in the Canonbury Antiques Hertfordshire showroom which is just 25 minutes north of London the leafy Hertfordshire countryside.
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